Diagnosis of lung hydatidosis becomes difficult with unusual radiographic findings especially with rupture of hydatid cyst. Here we present the case of a patient who presented with hydatid cyst with endobronchial rupture. A 40-year-old woman presented with a 3-year history of cough with mucoid expectoration, breathlessness on exertion, intermittent fever and leftsided chest pain. Chest radiograph and computed tomography of chest showed a mass obstructing the left main bronchus and post-obstructive cavity formation. Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) showed uptake [maximum standardised uptake value (SUVmax) 2.5 G/mL) in left lower lobe cavity. Fibreoptic bronchoscopy showed obstruction of the left main bronchus with white gelatinous material. After the bronchoscope was withdrawn, the patient expectorated large quantities of this material. Histopathological examination of the aspirated membrane showed laminated acellular layer and focal inner germinal layer suggestive of hydatid cyst.
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