The Indian Journal of Chest Diseases and Allied Sciences

Register      Login

VOLUME 59 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Bilateral Pleural Effusion with Skin Lesions Following Suicidal Attempt with Kerosene

K. Vijaya Kissinger, K. Gowrinath

Keywords : Kerosene, Suicide, Pneumonitis, Dermatitis, Pleural effusion

Citation Information : Kissinger KV, Gowrinath K. Bilateral Pleural Effusion with Skin Lesions Following Suicidal Attempt with Kerosene. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2017; 59 (3):135-137.

DOI: 10.5005/ijcdas-59-3-135

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 18-11-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).


Kerosene (paraffin or lamp oil), the liquid hydrocarbon is a common household commodity of low-income families in developing countries used for cooking and lighting lamps. Still, kerosene is rarely ingested with suicidal intent by adolescents or adults. Pneumonitis is the most frequent manifestation of kerosene aspiration but bilateral pleural effusion is very rare. Kerosene being an irritant may cause dermatitis upon direct contact with skin. We report for the first time acute contact dermatitis and bilateral pleural effusion with pneumonitis in a 17-year-old adolescent girl following suicidal attempt with kerosene. Pleural fluid was exudative and kerosene induced bilateral pleural effusion and skin lesions resolved within two weeks of conservative treatment.

PDF Share
  1. Lam NL, Smith KR, Gauthier A, Bates MN. Kerosene: a review of household uses and their hazards in low-and middle-income countries. J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev 2012;15:396-432.
  2. Verma SK, Kapoor N, Bhaskar R, Upadhyay R. Pyopneumothorax following suicidal kerosene ingestion. BMJ Case Rep 2012; doi:10.1136/bcr-2012-007795.
  3. Koul PA, Ahmad H, Ahmad M, Shah S, Ahmad R. Kerosene oil injury in adults in the Kashmir valley of Indian subcontinent: unusual modes of exposure. J Nutrition Environ Med 2008;17:217-22.
  4. Kumar K, Gulati R, Kuldeep CM, Mathur D. Keroseneinduced acute irritant dermatitis
  5. Scharf SM, Prinsloo I, Redel D. Pulmonary mechanics in dogs given different doses of kerosene intratracheally. Am Rev Respir Dis 1982;126:695-700.
  6. Lee DC. Hydrocarbons. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM editors Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier; 2010; pp 2029-33.
  7. Grossi E, Cresanti E, Poletti G, Poletti V. Fire eater's pneumonitis. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2006;65:59-61.
  8. Friedman DG, Engelberg H, Merrit WH. Oil aspiration (Lipid) pneumonia in adults. Arch Intern Med 1940;66:11-38.
  9. Prasad R, Karmakar S, Sodhi R, Karmakar S. Bilateral haemorrhagic pleural effusion due to kerosene aspiration. Lung India 2011;28:130-2.
  10. Annobil SH. Skin bullae following kerosene poisoning. Ann Tropical Paediatr 1988;8:45-7.
  11. Vijaya Kissinger K, Gowrinath K. Unusual case of accidental kerosene ingestion by an adult. J Clin Sci Res 2015;4:293-5.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.