The Indian Journal of Chest Diseases and Allied Sciences

Register      Login

VOLUME 59 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Left Lung Agenesis in an Adult Patient: Diagnosis by CT Thorax and CT Pulmonary Angiography

Sarita Jilowa, Yashvant Singh, R.K. Mishra, Rani Devi Sharma

Keywords : Lung agenesis, CT pulmonary angiography, Bronchography, Bronchiectasis

Citation Information : Jilowa S, Singh Y, Mishra R, Sharma RD. Left Lung Agenesis in an Adult Patient: Diagnosis by CT Thorax and CT Pulmonary Angiography. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2017; 59 (3):139-142.

DOI: 10.5005/ijcdas-59-3-139

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 18-11-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).


Agenesis of lung is a rare congenital anomaly. It is usually detected in early childhood as a result of pulmonary symptoms and associated cardiovascular, gastrointestinal or genitourinary anomalies. Diagnosis may be late in adulthood or later in life in asymptomatic patients. Patients often present with repeated chest infections. We present a case of left lung agenesis in a 40-year-old female patient, who presented with progressive breathlessness due to severe bronchiectatic changes in contralateral right lung using computed tomography (CT) of the thorax and CT pulmonary angiography.

PDF Share
  1. Smith RA, Bech AO. Agenesis of lung. Thorax 1958;13:28.
  2. Sadashiv S, Culver GJ, Pirson HS. Agenesis of lung in an adult. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1979;133:755-7.
  3. PozzeS, Brescia MA, Amerman EE, Sharma KK. Agenesis of left lung. Arch Paediatr 1960;77:485-90.
  4. Kisku KH, Panigarhi MK, Sudhakar R, Nagarajan A, Ravikumar R, Daniel JR. Agenes is of lung: a report of two cases. Lung India 2008;25:28-30.
  5. Yetim TD, Bayarogullari H, Yelcin HP, Arica V. Congenital agenesis of the left lung: a rare case. J Imaging Sci 2011;1:4711.
  6. Dinamarco PVV, Poncee CC. Pulmonary agenesis and respiratory failure in childhood. Autops Case Rep 2015;5:29-32.
  7. Espinosa L, Agarwal P. Adult presentation of right lung agenesis and left pulmonary artery sling. Acta Radiologica 2008;49:41-4.
  8. Biyyam DR, Chapman T, Ferguson MR, Deutsch G, Dighe MK. Congenital lung abnormalities: embryologic features, prenatal diagnosis and postnatal radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics 2010;30:1721-38.
  9. Roy PP, Datta S, Sarkar A, Das A, Das S. Unilateral pulmonary agenesis presenting in adult hood. Respir Med Case Rep 2012;5:81-3.
  10. Tsunezuka Y, Oda M, Ohta Y, Watanabe G. Congenital absence of right upper lobe of the lung. Ann Thorac Surg 2002;74:571-3.
  11. Sunam G, Ceran S. Pulmonary artery agenesis and lung hypolasia. Eur J Gen Med 2009;6:265-7.
  12. Meller CH, Morris RK, Desai T, Kilby MD. Prenatal diagnosis of isolated right pulmonary agenesis using sonography alone: a case study and systemic literature review. J Ultrasound Med 2012;31:2017-23.
  13. Johnson TRC, Thieme SF, Deutsch MA, Hinterseer M, Reiser MF, Becker CR, et al. Unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis: noninvasive diagnosis with dual source computed tomography. Circulation 2009;119:1158-60.
  14. Prabhakar Rajiah. Pulmonary hypoplasia imaging. Medscape 2016
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.