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VOLUME 62 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2020 ) > List of Articles


An Unusual Cause of Bilateral Pneumothoraces

Kavitha Venkatnarayan, Uma Maheswari Krishnaswamy, Priya Ramachandran, Uma Devaraj

Keywords : Pulmonary strongyloidiasis, Hyperinfection syndrome, Bilateral pneumothorax, Pneumomediastinum

Citation Information : Venkatnarayan K, Krishnaswamy UM, Ramachandran P, Devaraj U. An Unusual Cause of Bilateral Pneumothoraces. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2020; 62 (3):153-156.

DOI: 10.5005/ijcdas-62-3-153

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 07-11-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Pulmonary strongyloidiasis is an unusual manifestation of Strongyloides stercoralis infection typically seen in the immunocompromised patients. We report a case of Strongyloides hyperinfection in a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who presented with bilateral pneumothoraces and pneumomediastinum. This is a rare presentation of the parasitic infection. An incidental finding of Strongyloides larvae in the respiratory secretions unexpectedly clinched the diagnosis and helped manage the patient optimally.

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