The Indian Journal of Chest Diseases and Allied Sciences

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VOLUME 62 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles


COVID–19 and Smoking

Raj Kumar

Citation Information : Kumar R. COVID–19 and Smoking. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2020; 62 (4):177-178.

DOI: 10.5005/ijcdas-62-4-177

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 07-11-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


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  1. Wu JT, Leung K, Leung GM. Nowcasting and forecasting the potential domestic and international spread of the 2019-nCoV outbreak originating in Wuhan, China: a modelling study. Lancet 2020;395(10225):689–97. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30260-9.
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  8. Brake SJ, Barnsley K, Lu W, Mcalinden KD, Eapen MS, Sohal SS. Smoking upregulates angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 receptor: a potential adhesion site for novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19). J Clin Med 2020;9:841.
  9. Sama IE, Ravera A, Santema BT, van Goor H, terMaaten JM, Cleland JGF, et al. Circulating plasma concentrations of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 in men and women with heart failure and effects of renin-angiotensinaldosterone inhibitors. Eur Heart J 2020;41:1810–7.
  10. Wand Q, Sundar I, Li D, Lucas J, Muthumalage T, McDonough S, et al. E-cigarette-induced pulmonary inflammation and dysregulated repair are mediated by tnAChR a7 receptor: role of nAChR a7 in ACE2 Covid-19 receptor regulation. Respir Res 2020. http://doi. org/10.21203/rs.2.23829/v2. [Pre-print]
  11. Xu H, Zhong L, Deng J, Peng J, Dan H, Zeng X, et al. High expression of ACE2 receptor of 2019-nCoV on the epithelial cells of oral mucosa. Int J Oral Sci 2020;12:8.
  12. Constantine I, KaterimaNikitara, Covid-19 and smoking: a systemic review of evidence. Tob Induce Dis 2020;18:20.
  13. Lindsay WG, Blachere FM, Law BF, Beezhold DH, Noti JD. Efficacy of face masks, neck gaiters and face shields for reducing the expulsion of simulated coughgenerated aerosols. medRxiv 2020. Available at URL: Accessed on December 5, 2020.
  14. Bandiera L, Pavar G, Pisetta G, et al. Face coverings and respiratory tract droplet dispersion. medRxiv 2020. Available at URL:
  15. Accessed on December 5, 2020.
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